The Future Of Artificial Intelligence
Increasingly, industrial production is in the hands of machines controlled by AI and many services that manage data and relationships with people. The Future of Artificial Intelligence becomes an essential element in the livelihood of the many.
What Is Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the ability of a system to correctly interpret external data, learn from said data and use that knowledge to do specific tasks adapting to changes that occur, which indeed resembles human intelligence. It is already present in our lives, but its scope of application will grow more and more shortly, becoming increasingly more significant in finance, education, industrial, transport, health, security, and a long etcetera.
After the disputes for hegemony in 5G technology, the new battlefield is AI. China is determined to be a leader in its development. The US wants to be a leader too and strengthen its position with the collaboration of the European Union. Whoever wins this race will take an essential step towards world leadership, not only because of the development of technology but also to ensure its implantation in the countries of its area of influence and subsequent dependence.
Future Of Artificial Intelligence
In 2017, the Chinese government published its strategy “New Generation AI Development”, which aims to become a global benchmark in the use of AI by 2030. Since the 1980s, Chinese governments have maintained a growing interest in using technology to increase their governance capacity and make a country with 1.4 billion inhabitants more manageable. His next step is to use the full potential of AI in the broadest spectrum of applications possible.
In the United States, at the beginning of 2019, President Trump signed an executive order to stay at the forefront of that technology. The new administration has just allocated 50,000 million dollars to give a more incredible boost to its development and obtain a competitive technological advantage to China.
Many cities are beginning to install equipment with AI technologies for greater surveillance and control of the population that allows constant observation and monitoring of their behaviours to anticipate suspicious or potentially dangerous (the concept of a safe city or safe city). Another area where it is also beginning to be applied is the automation of traffic control, waste management, electricity or water distribution, etc. (the concept of smart city or intelligent city).
Application Of Artificial Intelligence
The application of AI is comprehensive, and one of the most sensitive parts is security and population control. In China, there is less social resistance than in the case of Western countries. There are limits related to privacy, and its use must be based on democratic values because competition in AI also carries a contest of values (digital authoritarianism or digital democracy?)
In China, the pandemic has been the perfect excuse to use all possible instruments to prevent transmission based on greater control of the population and its movements. The level of acceptance is very high due to the perception of Chinese citizens of its undoubted benefits in the fight against the pandemic. There is certain reluctance within the western bloc because, in Europe, there is stringent legislation on privacy matters and in the US as well, although they are more permissive.
The use of AI raises, in addition to the problems with privacy, another fundamental question, which is the social transformation that it can produce. Some studies are beginning to be published on their influence on the labour market. A recent one indicates that in 2030 several hundred million people will be forced to find new jobs due to the automation of processes.
Increasingly, industrial production is in the hands of machines controlled by AI and many services that manage data and relationships with people. Without a doubt, AI is the future, and the developing automation that is already taking place is just the tip of the iceberg of things to come in the next few years. Adapting to these changes will not be easy, and it will take time and have a cost that will have to be assumed. We are already beginning to see it.