Where Is 5G Headed, And Why Does It Herald The Future?
5G is currently undertaken in more than 140 commercial establishments in 59 countries. It promises more incredible speed, coverage, and responsiveness of wireless networks.
But how fast is it?
5G technology brings to the fore a theoretical maximum speed of 20 Gbps; on the other hand, the top speed of 4G technology is only 1 Gbps.
Imagine 100 times faster than your current cellular connection. This speed can even rise with anything you want to get with fibre optic cable in your home.
5G applications are becoming part of production processes in more than 20 industries, such as manufacturing, healthcare, education, logistics, coal mining, and steelmaking, safer, smarter, and more efficient.
2021 is the first year with large-scale 5G industry applications; operators require new network planning, implementation, maintenance, optimization, and operations capabilities.
They also feature a concentrated distributed access architecture, which moves data processing nearer to the edge so users can get faster data processing.
The arrival of 5G supercharges the connectivity of your cell phone to the network. This technology will allow autonomous vehicles to communicate with each other. You can wirelessly transmit virtual reality content in high definition through glasses of VR using 5G technology.
It offers lower latency, which means performance improvements for business applications and other digital experiences like online gaming and video conferencing.
How Does It Work?
It introduces various advantages throughout the network architecture, encompassing elements that 4G was not capable of.
The new antennas incorporate a technology known as MIMO (multiple input, multiple output) in a dense environment. MIMO allows different transmitters and receivers to transfer more data simultaneously. It can support a converged and heterogeneous network that combines licensed and unlicensed wireless technologies, sum bandwidth available to users.
5G architectures are software-defined platforms, and their network functionality is managed through software than through hardware.
In virtualization, cloud-based technologies, and IT and business process automation, the 5G architectures are more robust, agile, and flexible. This gives users access anytime, anywhere.
The 5G architecture can also create software-defined subnetwork constructs, known as network segments. This allows the administration to determine network functionality based on users and devices.
It enhances digital experiences with automation with machine learning (ML). Automated provisioning and proactive traffic management and services reduce infrastructure costs and improve the connected experience.
4G Vs 5G
Indeed, 5G is more designed for the Internet of things and the world of industry, but its benefits and improvements over 4G provide:
- Much lower latency of between 1 ms and 10 ms, below the 30-40 ms minimum of 4G.
- 5G allows you to have 100 times more connected devices than 4G while supporting 1 million devices per square kilometer
- A minimum energy consumption for connected objects, allowing it to replace 2G, something that 4G cannot do.
On the other hand, technologies such as LTE-Advanced, LTE Advanced Pro, and pre-5G allow faster download speeds.
Where Is 5G Going?
For many, the answer is cloud computing.
If you have fast speeds, you can now do all those analyzes quickly in real-time without connecting cables.
While previous generations of cellular technology like 4G LTE guaranteed connectivity, 5G technology takes connectivity to the next level, bringing cloud-connected experiences to users.
5G networks are virtualized. They run through software and take advantage of cloud technologies that simplify mobility. The network is seamless, with open roaming capabilities between cellular and Wi-Fi access. This means you can stay connected while you are mobile. Roam over outdoor wireless connections and indoor wireless networks without the need to re-authenticate.
The Wi-Fi 6 shares traits with this technology, including better performance. Wi-Fi 6 radios can be placed where required; this offers better geographic coverage at a lower cost.
Behind the Wi-Fi 6 radios is software-based networking with advanced automation. One of the key benefits is the response time from the moment you click on a link. The response time can last about 20 milliseconds with current networks, but with 5G, the latency is reduced to 1 millisecond.
Advantages Of 5G In Companies
- Greater Capacity
Increased network speed and capacity allow the integration of new applications and the connection of more devices, including IoT assets, vital for a company where manufacturing automation is used.
- Quality Of Experience
As the amount of data exchanged between the edge, the data center, and the cloud increases, application performance remains a priority.
With 5G, you can enjoy a consistent, reliable, and seamless user experience for outdoor urban and rural fixed wireless networks.
- Unified Network
WAN connectivity is more consistent, while the administration is easier with a single policy applied across the branch, campus, and cloud.
Security is more comprehensive for increasingly complex networks by enabling uniform policy enforcement.
- Complements Wi-Fi 6
Built from the same foundation to coexist, these technologies provide higher data speeds, increasing network capacity.
- Device Remote Control
With 5G having low latency, remote control of heavy machinery will become a reality.
The primary purpose is to reduce risk in hazardous environments. Additionally, it also allows technicians with specialized skills to control machinery from anywhere in the world.
While there are sensors that can communicate with each other, they tend to require multiple resources that deplete LTE data capacity very fast.
With 5G speeds and low latencies, the IoT will be powered by communications between sensors and smart devices, compared to current smart devices on the market, Massive Machine Communications (mMTC) devices require fewer resources, a large amount of they can connect to a single base station, which makes them much more efficient.
How Will It Change Daily Life?
Thanks to the advantages offered by 5G networks, the experience of life changes altogether.
If phones and computers are now the most used devices for your employees to connect to the Internet, the high speeds and low latency of 5G will allow them to do everything they already do, but with a better experience.
In industry, connections allow machines to receive instructions instantly and can be much more efficient.
The automotive sector also has incredible advances since vehicles will receive information in real-time thanks to 5G, allowing drivers to make decisions in their driving, avoiding all kinds of accidents and unforeseen events.
Also Read: What Is The Internet Of Things?